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Ovarian cysts are a common occurrence in a woman’s cycle. They are fluid filled sacs when the egg is not released during the menstrual period. There are different types of cysts. Follicular cysts are the most common type. They are benign and generally shrink back to normal size after ovulation.

Corpus Luteum cysts are less common. They develop after the egg is released during the menstrual cycle. They are more common in smokers. Endometriomas, also known as chocolate cysts, are the third type of ovarian cysts. They can cause adhesions and lead to extreme pelvic pain.

When women begin to show signs of cysts a doctor will take a closer look at what is going on. Symptoms can be anywhere from mild to extreme pain. Irregular periods, pressure, and painful sex can be symptoms, as well.

Typical procedures in diagnosing ovarian cysts include CT, MRI, and trans-vaginal ultrasound. After the diagnose, the most appropriate treatment is determined according to every specific situation.

One typical treatment for ovarian cysts is to start taking birth control pills. In this way, a hormonal imbalance can be corrected. Other home remedies for ovarian cysts can include pain relievers and limiting strenuous activity when pain starts.

Sometimes a surgery is required. In the case where both ovaries are full of cysts, the only option might be the removal of both ovaries (oophorectomy).

When a cyst reaches a size greater than 3 inches or doesn’t disappear after 2 to 3 months, surgical intervention may be required.

Anytime a mass appears and it is thought to be cancerous a physician will have the ovary removed. This might include a young girl who has never had a menstrual period or an older woman who has already been through menopause.

After removing the ovary it will be tested for malignant cells. Other ovary is often tried to save that the patient is able to have children in the future.

There are certain risks involved with any cyst removal. The bladder or bowels can be harmed during the process. An infection could develop. Pain may not be relieved, as well as scar tissue developing causing significant pain. There is also a chance that a cyst or cysts come back if the ovary wasn’t removed.

Laparoscopy is a small operation and it doesn’t take long to recover. The patient can often go home within the day after the operation. This technique can be used if the cysts are small enough.

A traditional laparotomy may be used if the mass is too large or cancer is suspected. This requires a longer recovery. The patient may be in the hospital anywhere from 4 to 7 days and it will be at least 4 to 6 weeks before any heavy lifting can be done.

Ovarian cysts are generally not life threatening and can be treated by an OB/GYN and life should be back to normal in no time at all.

To find more women’s health related information, such as uterine fibroids and PCOS treatment and symptoms, visit PCOSandFibroids.com.

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